Medical research is an area that is devoted to studying, researching, and learning the field of medicine. Medical research may be classified in two specific categories. These include new treatments and the development of new treatments. For example, medical research contributes to the arena of developing new treatments through lab analysis, exploratory study, and action research. When enough evidence lends it support to using a new technology or treatment, a clinical study will take place.
Medical research requires funding and it is vitally important that the money to fund medical research exists and is appropriated in the most effective fashion. Basic Medical research consists of answering questions that basically are asked by a researcher's hunch or gut feeling. Basic Medical research answers questions that pertain to knowledge about a condition, case, or situation. Because basic Medical Research is derived from the researcher's gut feeling, extensive research funding usually doesn't cover it. However, after using Medical research methods (exploratory) to answer these questions, the researcher then begins to test his theories with Applied Research.
Applied Medical research is the arena where the researcher's basic question is now addressed with specific questioning, and uses descriptive and exploratory research methods. When dealing with the Medical field, most Applied Research methods will deal with new treatments and new medicines. It may also involve new surgical procedures. When considering a new drug, for instance, a Clinical Trial will be initiated. A Clinical Trial must be performed before a new drug can achieve approval from the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). A Clinical trial consists of four phases. The Clinical trial is the most important feature of medical research. The first phase involves a small control group of human patients who will test the new drug. If all goes well, the study will move into Phase Two. Phase Two of a clinical trial involves testing the new drug or therapy on a larger group of people- roughly a few hundred. The success of Phase Two will advance the trial to Phase Three. Here the drug or therapy will be tested on a control group of roughly a few thousand people. Phase Four is used to finalize the safety of a new drug or therapy and may be used to determine the need for safety warnings, precautions, or even the removal of the drug from further testing.