Research methods are used to determine, discover, interpret, and devise facts. The word research and its derivative means, " to investigate thoroughly". Research methods are used to come up with "new knowledge". Through investigation and discovery processes, research methods help to advance many different scientific fields. Everything from science, medicine, marketing, and industries benefit from research and its various research methods.
The three main branches of research methods include Exploratory Research, Constructive Research, and Empirical Research. Exploratory research is important to research methods because it helps define a new problem or question. It is used to determine concept testing, which is important to know before releasing new products on the market.
Constructive Research is the second step in research methods. Constructive Research encompasses the area of theory, and doesn't require that your research be based on solidity. It is more based upon theories, hypotheses, and case studies. It is used to test theories.
Empirical Research is based more upon reality. It will prove the theory with both direct and indirect forms of observation and analysis. Empirical research will prove your theory and show that it is more than an educated guess, but it is a fact.
Research methods are based upon the Scientific Formula. The Scientific method is as follows: Formation of the Topic, Hypothesis, Conceptual Definitions, Operational Definitions, Gathering or Collecting of Data, Analysis of Data, Final Conclusion.
Research methods are an important part of all new technologies, scientific advancements, and the development of computer technologies. Research methods are synonymous with progress and as we advance as a society, research leads the way. By testing new theories and hypotheses, scientists and researchers can determine which areas they need to follow to bring us into greater knowledge, and which areas are virtually dead ends or roadblocks to progress. Medicine would not be anywhere near where it is today, if it weren't for the continual basic and applied research methods utilized by universities and laboratories.